What is Fertigation? How does it work?

While fertilizers are an essential component of farming, it is well-known that they have a profoundly negative impact on the planet. The depletion in oxygen levels and the excessive growth of weeds, and algae are just a few of the negative effects fertilizer use has on farmlands.

It is almost impossible to continue traditional farming without chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides. The concept of fertigation, which offers a balance between traditional irrigation methods and fertilizers, has seen rapid growth in recent years.

What is Fertigation?

Fertigation refers to the use of an existing irrigation line in a field to fertilize plants. The fertigation systems was developed from chemigation, which also uses the existing irrigation lines to provide nutrients to the produce.

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While chemigation can be used interchangeably, fertigation is strictly related to the use of chemicals like fungicides and insecticides.

However, fertigation does not add any nutrients to the water. Because fertigation is a liquid application of nutrients directly to plants' roots, it is more efficient than traditional agricultural practices.

What is the process?

It is largely dependent on the size and extent of the farmland that a fertigation setup will be set up. However, large tanks are generally sourced for fertigation purposes and stored in an area that is accessible to the farms.

These tanks can be used to store or divert liquid fertilizers onto nearby fields. With the help of injectors, liquid fertilizers can be gently infused into the irrigation channel using a valve. The pressure-control mechanism on this valve can be used to regulate the flow of liquid fertilizers through the irrigation line.

This method can be used to set up and operate various irrigation systems, including drip irrigation and flood irrigation. You can also manually control the flow through fertigation channels.