Pallets are horizontal platform devices that are used as bases for storing, assembling, transporting, and handling products and materials as unit loads. They offer protection for products contained in them and the bottom deck prevents damage to the goods palletized.
They make stacking possible without causing any damages to the goods being handled. Pallets are made using different materials and they come in varying sizes to suit the demands of the goods being stored or transported.
Aluminum or metal pallets – They are suitable for the transportation of heavy goods, at sea storage, long term outdoor storage, and air freight. These pallets are loved for their strength and good sanitation, especially for the catering industry.
They are stronger than plastic and wood, are weather-resistant and do not decay or rot and they also don't splinter. They are also durable and keep bugs and pests at bay. However, they are heavier and more expensive compared to other pallets.
Plywood pallets – They are best for medium and light products that still require durable and strong packaging. They have the advantage of being strong but light, making transportation and shipping very easy to handle. Plywood has a clean, smooth surface, making the pallets very appealing and they can be stacked or rack stocked without any problems. They however are prone to water damage in outdoor use.
Wooden pallets – They are probably some of the most popular because of how durable, strong and affordable they are. They are great for heavier products and are easy to store in racks and also offer reliable load carriers.
The boards can be removed and replaced when broken making the pallets very practical and convenient and they can also be recycled. Their construction is easy and quick but they can be very heavy and therefore costly for air freight. They also are prone to shrinking, warping, splinters, and bacteria growth and they can be hard to clean.
Plastic pallets – They are safe and stable, making good choices for all kinds of transport applications. They can be reused without any special kind of care and maintenance and offer anti-slip surfaces and high loading capacities.
These pallets are lightweight, resistant to shock and stress, resistant to chemicals, and can be used in all climatic conditions without any issues. They do not splinter or have any dangerous nails and screws but they are not suited for shelve storage. Once cracked or broken, they can be hard to repair.