The typology of utilitarian texts by B.Sandig
Typological matrix, suggested by Barbara Sandig is one of the most developed foreign typologies of texts, that belong to the sphere of consumption (сфера потребления). The matrix is based on 20 parameters that include the oppositions of certain characteristics allowing to differentiate the types of texts. These parameters cover both linguistic and extra-linguistic characteristics of texts, e.g.: material manifestation of a text, spontaneity, the number of communication participants (monologue/dialogue), the type of contact, characteristic features of the beginning, middle, and the end of the text, preliminary fixation of the theme, frequency of personal pronouns, imperative and temporal verbal forms, utilization of means of language economy and language redundancy, non-lingual means, relations between communication partners.
Typological characteristics of a certainconsist in different combinability of features presented in the table. analyzes 18 classes of texts that have different set of features to get them the of different “types of texts”. Here belong: interview, private letter, telephone conversation, texts of the law, doctor’s prescription, culinary recipe, weather forecast, obituary, lecture, lecture notes, advertisement, ‘jobs’ advertisement, radionews, , , , , .
The first three features (material manifestation of a text, the mode of utterance production – spontaneity, the number of communication participants (monologue/dialogue), are the most important in’s typology.