The process of speech (text) production

The process of speech (text) production

Viewed in general, speech production is an operation of transition “meaning –> text” and this correlation embraces a wider scheme. The starting point of this process is the interaction of the speaker with the reality, and the final point is the influence of this or that type on the partner of communication. The interaction with reality sets up a problem: a person may solve it only using speech as the only or intermediate means. The effect of the problem situation appears to be a factor of motivation conditioning the use of speech as a means suitable for accomplishment of some task. And it is the interaction of a situation and an individual, who belongs to a specific culture, which produces meaning.

In traditional syntactic theory it is accepted that while forming an utterance a person selects words from the vocabulary and then combines them according to the grammatical rules of a given language. However this scheme does not agree with a statement about the hierarchical character of speech activity. A semantic level, where the main structure of a future statement is represented, controls the process of an utterance production. But the traditional scheme, presupposing the selection of words with their subsequent combination, can not correspond to such a structure (semantic).

One structure must correspond to the other (in this case semantic), and the integral syntactic construction is the most suitable for this purpose. Only this construction possesses a necessary semantic potential. Therefore the speaker should select, first of all, not the words, but the corresponding syntactic structure.