The process of scientific investigation in Methodology of teaching English

The process of scientific investigation in Methodology of teaching English

Methods of foreign language teaching like any other science has definite ways of investigating the problems which may arise. They are:

  • a critical study of the ways foreign languages were taught in the world;
  • a thorough study and summarizing of the experience of the best foreign language teachers in different types of schools;
  • experimenting with the aim of confirming or refusing the working hy­potheses that may arise during investigation.

Steps in the process of scientific investigation in Methods of teaching English:

  • first the teacher has to define a problem in teaching English and to set out possible ways and techniques for overcoming them (he formulates a hy­pothesis);
  • research in Methods usually begins with observation of what is going on in the classroom. Talks, interviews or questionnaires with teachers and pupils are also used at this stage of the investigation;
  • experimental teaching or teaching which differs in some respect from conventional teaching is the next step in Methods research;
  • experiment or specially arranged teaching with the purpose of solving the problem is the last step in the investigation process.

It is used for testing hypothesis. The experiment requires the following procedure: – pre-test in all the groups both control and those taken for experimenting; – experi­mental sessions (lessons); – post-test. Then the teacher presents the results of the experiment and, in case the hypothesis is confirmed, he suggests his own effective way of solving the problem which can be taken for granted by other teachers. In recent years there has been a great increase of interest in Methodology.

Many new methods and techniques have been developed and put into practice. The teacher should be aware of these new trends, techniques and methods in order to meet the needs of the contemporary learners.