Communicative approach in linguistics

Communicative approach in linguistics

The study of a communicative structure of the utterance does not seem to be new or unusual in linguistics. Communicative syntax (a special field of linguistic research) appeared on the basis of traditional syntax. The subject of this trend of syntactic research is the organization of the speaker’s utterance in accordance with the speaker’s intentions. But some scholars, in particular, N.A. Sliusateva, suggest that the most suitable, name for this trend is “actual syntax” in accordance with the Prague, tradition of study of a language syntactic structure.

A famous Czech scholar Wilhelm Mathesius is the founder of the theory of the actual division of a sentence or functional sentence perspective. Herman Paul’s (a German scholar) ideas of ‘psychological subject’ and ‘psychological predicate’ arc; also widely known. V.B. Kasevych considers that the. theme and rheme division of an utterance comes from Aristotle’s two-member propositional structure: ‘subject – predicate’. W. Mathesius and F. Danes (Check scholars, representatives of the Prague linguistic group) contributed greatly to the elaboration of the idea of actual division for the analysis of a text. Their systems of concepts are interrelated: thematic progressions of F. Danes are the logical continuation of W. Mathesius’s ideas of theme and rheme division.

It goes without saying that such categories of the actual division (FSP) of a sentence as theme and rheme are connected with the text-building more than other syntactic units because the communicative perspective of a message is taken into consideration. The speaker can not transmit information at once, within the limits of one moment The linearity of speech stipulates a certain order of the elements in a message. Different elements of a message have different communicative loading (charge), so the choice of the order of elements is very important for communication. Thus, thematic and rhematic relations prove to be the reflection of the speaker’s communicative strategy. According to his/her intentions the speaker builds up his/her message in which each element has its certain function and at the same time contributes to the development of the message.